Prof. Leon Mutesa obtained his MD from the university of Rwanda in 2003; he was then awarded a PhD scholarship from French speaking Universities CIUF/CUD-Belgium Cooperation and joined the Center for Human Genetics at the university of Liege-Belgium. In 2009 he graduated with a PhD in Medical Sciences (human genetics) and joined the College of Medicine and Health Sciences at the University of Rwanda as Senior Lecturer then Associate Professor of human genetics. Currently, he serves as Head of Center for Human Genetics. Since starting his genetic career, he specifically drove new developments and implementation of a reference center for medical genetics in Rwanda, the only one in the East African Region where he is developing genetic clinical practice, molecular, cytogenetic and newborn screening analyses. He has conducted several research projects in African patients with genetic disorders and mainly focused on chromosomal and molecular disorders such as sickle cell anaemia, chromosomal abnormalities, and cystic fibrosis-like disease. Dr Mutesa is author of more than 70 publications in peer-reviewed journals and has been invited as a key speaker and abstract presenter in more than 40 national and international scientific conferences. Dr Mutesa also served as the Director of Department of Clinical Laboratory Dept. at the Kigali University Teaching hospital which is the largest referral hospital with an average of 30.000 newborns every year. In recognition to his research achievements and project management skills, he was appointed by the Government of Rwanda from 2011-2013 as Director of Medical Research Center in Rwanda Biomedical Centre under Ministry of Health, where he coordinated health related research activities in all national medical institutions. Currently, he is Principal Investigator and manager of more than six major research grants in various aspects including cytogenetic and molecular studies, malaria, HIV, PTSD, epigenetics and newborn screening.