Dennis Raphael, PhD, is a Professor of Health Policy and Management at York University in Toronto. The most recent of his over 300 scientific publications focus on the health effects of income inequality and poverty, the quality of life of communities and individuals, and the impact of government decisions on Canadians’ health and well-being. Dr. Raphael is editor of “Social Determinants of Health: Canadian Perspectives” and “Tackling Health Inequalities: Lessons from International Experiences”, co-editor of “Staying Alive: Critical Perspectives on Health, Illness, and Health Care” and author of “Poverty in Canada: Implications for Health and Quality of Life. Two new books: “Immigration, Public Policy, and Health: Newcomer Experiences in Developed Nations” and the 2nd edition of “Health and Illness” were published in the Fall of 2016.
Keynote Presentation Abstract
Key Concepts from the Political Economy of Health Literature: Implications for Study of the African Health Scene
Prof. Dennis Raphael, York University, Toronto Canada
A number of key concepts have emerged from the political economy of health literature which may have relevance for the study of the African health scene. These include concepts from the welfare state literature such as decommodification, stratification, and the relative responsibility ascribed to the State, marketplace, and family in allocating economic and social resources. Other concepts include issues of power and influence of various sectors such as the corporate and business sector, civil society and the labour sector. These concepts have proven useful in making sense of the overall health of a nation as well as the extent of health inequalities in western nations. The relevance and implications of these concepts for understanding and advancing the health situation in Africa will be the focus of this presentation.